Tag Archives: cardinal electors

(Catholic) Cardinal Elector Demographics Snapshot — March 14, 2021.

by Anura Guruge


Click image to access post at my nascent ‘Next Pope’ Website/blog.


There is no point duplicating the post. Plus, I want to introduce YOU to my as yet nascent ‘Next Pope’ Website. I still have about a week’s work before I am happy with it. But, check it out.

I have BOTH ‘nextpope.site‘ & ‘nextpope.org‘ pointing at it. I also own ‘nextpope.blog‘ but that is NOT linked to anything yet.

OK. Check it out. Thanks.


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by Anura Guruge

(Catholic) Cardinal Elector Demographics Snapshot — February 27, 2021.

by Anura Guruge



Today, Sudanese Cardinal Gabriel Zubeir Wako turned 80 & as such ceased to be an elector.

We are now down to 127-electors. Still 7 too many!

9-days from now, on March 8, 2021, Cardinal Napier will also turn 80. That will bring the number down to 126 — barring any deaths.

Then there is a hiatus till June before the next elector ages out.

I will keep you posted.


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by Anura Guruge

(Catholic) Cardinal Elector Demographics Snapshot — February 22, 2021.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE.


I am getting serious about working on the ‘Next Pope‘ — i.e., Pope Francis’ successor.

The way I work I need a good Excel spreadsheet of the Cardinal Electors so I can slice-&-dice various criteria. I used to have a ‘magical’ spreadsheet of the whole College, chock-a-block with data. But, I let it lapse.

It was too much work to get it up-to-date. It was easier just to create a smaller, simpler spreadsheet, this time just restricted to the Cardinal Electors. I did that over the last few days. You can see a fragment of it above. Now that I have it I can give you INSTANTANEOUS demographics. It is all automated.

We will have an elector, Cardinal Wako, aging out this Saturday. We will then be down to 127 electors — still 7 ABOVE the 120 permitted at a conclave. Cardinal Napier will age out 2-weeks later. But, we, barring deaths, will not be down to 120 till April next year. SMILE.


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by Anura Guruge

My Considered Take On The Next Conclave.

by Anura Guruge



It will be uncanny — for those that lived through the U.S. 2020 presidential election.

It will be deja vu, but this time in the context of the Church.

Yes, since 1870 (or thereabouts) most conclaves pivoted on ‘right’ (traditionalist/conservative) vs ‘left’ (‘modernist’/liberal) considerations.

But, as with the U.S. (& Trump), Pope Francis has brought this to ‘a head’.

There is polarization like never before — both in the U.S. & the Church.

The HUGE, insurmountable difference between the U.S. election & the conclave, however, being that unlike U.S. citizens, Catholics have NO SAY. Not even Catholic priests, bishops or archbishops. Just (at most) 120 cardinal electors hand-picked by Popes Francis, Benedict XVI & John Paul II. Papal elections are NOT democratic. Papal elections hark back to the fiefdoms of the 13th century.

But, the battle will be real & bitter.

It will hark back to Vatican II — ’80’-years ago. It will be a ding-donger.

Stay tuned. I will keep you posted.


 


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by Anura Guruge


 

Cardinal Roger Etchegaray (96) Dies; Oldest Cardinal For 1-Day — First Suburbicarian See Bishop To Die In 11-Years.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE and read here. Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Etchegaray


He was the OLDEST living cardinal for all of one day!

Confirms my long held contention that God has one heck of a sense of humor.

Yes, the prior day Colombian Cardinal José Rodriguez died, aged 100. And then 24-hours later, French Roger Marie Élie Etchegaray, 96, died.

Etchegaray was kind of a legend. Well respected and liked. He had been a cardinal since 1979 (i.e., 40 years).

But, he never attended a conclave! He turned 80 in 2002 (after being a cardinal for 23-years) and aged-out to become a non-elector.

He was elected Vice-Dean of the College of Cardinals just ahead of the 2005 conclave but was too old to attend. He, still the Vice-Dean, also missed the 2013 conclave.

He was a bona fide Cardinal Bishop, i.e., held the title to an original Suburbicarian See. There are only 7 of these, and the Dean, automatically gets two. So, only 5 remain. They are scarce. The last time one was vacant was 2008, i.e., 11-years ago. Now Francis gets the chance to promote someone to this vacant Suburbicarian See making him a bona fide cardinal bishop.

Click to access post.


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by Anura Guruge

Pope Francis In Creating New Cardinals On October 5, 2019, Will AGAIN Disregard Conclave Requirements.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE.


Click image to access post.


The issue here is, per Vatican Law, enacted in 1973, the MAXIMUM number of cardinal electors that can participate in a conclave is 120.

None of the 4 popes since that law was passed, viz., John Paul I, John Paul II, Benedict XVI & Francis, have changed that Law — though three of them (i.e., the latter 3) have at one time or another created too many electors such that there numbers exceeded 120.

If there were to be a conclave when the elector count is above 120 there could be problems.

There are no guidelines nor precedents for sorting it out. It would be ‘unruly’ and ‘unbecoming’.

As the top figure shows Francis, at each of his six consistories, has exceeded that 120 limit.

John Paul II nor Benedict XVI were never so egregious — i.e., violate the 120 limit at each of their cardinal-creating consistories.

But, no so Francis. He really thinks he is special. A maverick. That it makes him look cool to disregard the Laws!

Yes, I will concede that 4 current electors will AGE-OUT (i.e., reach 80 and thus become non-electors) within 10-days of this consistory. But, that still leaves 4 OVER the count. Barring deaths there will NOT be another aging-out until February 25, 2020, and the next after that is on April 17, 2020. Even after that, barring deaths, we will still be 2 over the 120. That is over 7 months.

This is not good.

Francis can fix this with a simple memo. Yep. He is all powerful when it comes to Church Laws. He can remove the 120 limit all together or increase it. But, he hasn’t.

Not good. Unbecoming.

Also, worth remembering. On Sunday, on his way to announce this consistory, Francis got stuck in an elevator for 25-minutes. Not a good omen.


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by Anura Guruge

Following Cardinal Caffarra’s Death Today, Cardinal Electors Down To The Legit 120.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE.


Click to access the original at the “National Catholic Reporter” (NCR).


Following Pope Francis’ very unusual cardinal creating consistory of June 28, 2017, where he created 5 new Cardinal Electors, there were 121 Cardinal Electors.

That was one more that the 120 Cardinal Electors currently permitted by Papal Decree from participating in a conclave.

I have always been against pope’s exceeding this 121 limit for a very good reason. It would create an unprecedented situation if a conclave had to be held unexpectedly (following a sudden death) and before the deceased pope got around to doing something about increasing the 120 limit.

What was real strange about this 121 figure was that there were NO upcoming 80th birthdays until February 3, 2018. That meant we would have gone for an unprecedented (again) 220 days (i.e., 7 months) with the cardinal elector level above 120 — UNLESS a cardinal, under 80-years of age, were to die. And I am always careful to specify that — i.e., barring deaths. I had wondered if there were any under-80 cardinals who were known to be on their last legs. There appeared not to be any.

And then, 70-days after the consistory, 79-year old Italian Cardinal, Carlo Caffarra dies. All the reports say SUDDENLY — but they also add that “after a long illness“. So, what is the story. Did Francis know that Caffarra would die within 90-days? The pope, in theory, does have some very good contacts high up.

Ironically, Caffarra was one of 4 of his MOST ARDENT critics. But another died in July 2017 and now Caffarra. So, 2 of the 4 have died! Coincidence? {Smile}


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by Anura Guruge

Pope Francis’ June 28, 2017 Cardinal Creating Consistory: What Makes It Unusual.

by Anura Guruge



There are a number of things that make this consistory stand-out from the last 17 spanning 38 years.

So let’s look at what makes this consistory somewhat unusual, and as such, special.

  1. It is the SMALLEST consistory, in terms of cardinals being created, since Paul VI’s last one in 1977 when only four cardinals were created — but Paul VI, who instituted both the 120 elector limit and the 80-year ‘cut-off’, never exceeded the 120 limit or created any cardinals who were over 80. Benedict XVI, in his last cardinal creating consistory in November 2012, three-months ahead of his resignation, created 6 cardinals — that being the maximum he could create if he were not to exceed the 120-limit.
  2. The first consistory since March 2006 NOT to be held on a Saturday — the last 7 consistories, four of Benedict XVI’s and three of Francis’ all being Saturday consistories with the celebratory Mass being held on Sunday.
    ….
  3. The first consistory, since John Paul II’s 8th consistory on February 21, 2001 to be held on a Wednesday.
    ….
  4. The first consistory since 1991 to be held on June 28. There is a significance to June 28th. The ‘Feast of Saints Peter and Paul‘, Rome’s two founding Apostles, falls, each year, on June 29. So, by having the consistory on June 28, the Vatican can have the celebratory Mass on this special Feast day. This, as such, is thus a ‘Feast of Saints Peter and Paul‘ consistory. John Paul II was found of such consistories. His 1988 cardinal creating consistory, the one before the 1991 one, was also a June 28 affair. His first ever was on June 30, the day after the feast. Paul VI held two consistories very close to this feast.
    ….
  5. Will create the first ever cardinals from first cardinals from El SalvadorLaosMali, and Sweden — as well as the from all of Scandinavia! That is pretty impressive.
    ….
  6. Bishop José Gregorio Rosa Chávez, auxiliary bishop of San Salvador, El Salvador will become the FIRST AUXILIARY BISHOP to be created a cardinal!His superior the Titular Bishop of San Salvador, El Salvador is NOT a cardinal.
    ….
  7. First of Francis’ consistories not to create a curial cardinal. (This was also true of Benedict XVI’s last consistory).
    ….
  8. First of Francis’ consistories not to create an over-80, non-elector cardinal. (This was also true of Benedict XVI’s last consistory). This is incongruous. There are no limits as to the non-electors and he could have created as many as he wanted.
    ….
  9. Barring deaths, there will be 121 cardinal electors following this consistory — and that number will not drop to the CONCLAVE-VALID 120 till February 2018. This would indicate, unless the Pope is aware of a very ill under-80 cardinal, that the Pope does not foresee a conclave ahead of February 2018.After Francis’ 1st cardinal creating consistory there were 122 electors; 125 after the 2nd and 121 after the 3rd. So he has always gone over the 120 limit.….

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by Anura Guruge

Ahead Of Pope Francis’ June 28, 2017 Cardinal Creating Consistory — A List Of All 61 Prior Consistories Since 1900.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE.



I had let this very informative Cardinal Creating Consistory Excel spreadsheet lapse after Pope Benedict XVI’s last in November 2012. That it was out-of-date always bothered me. So, I rectified that over the last few days. I also rationalized and simplified it. There is more work required BUT this is good start for this version.

I wanted to share it with you. Shows some interesting trends.

I plan to do more posts specific to the upcoming June 28, 2017 consistory over the next few days. So, stay tuned.


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by Anura Guruge

Is the June 28, 2017 Cardinal Creating Consistory To Be Pope Francis’ Last — Before He Resigns?

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE.


This, by any standard, was a surprise, ‘snap’ announcement of a consistory. There was no need for one at this time — in that the cardinal-electors at 97% of full.

That he announced 5 and just 5 is intriguing.

As the graphic above clearly shows, barring any deaths, this means that there will be 121 electors until early February 2018.

IF there were to be a conclave prior to that having 121 cardinal electors would be a problem — as I have discussed many, many times.

The last time we had such a small number of cardinals created was in November 2012 — three months ahead of Benedict XVI announcing his resignation!

I have a feeling that there is SOME significance to this consistory.

Many things are strange and different! More on that soon.


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by Anura Guruge