Tag Archives: Dean

The Next Pope: Cardinal Leonardo Sandri As A Papabile Has 2.75 Strikes Against Him.

by Anura Guruge

Guruge 2020 Papabili Series — #I 

Argentinian Cardinal Leonardo Sandri (b. Nov. 1943) is definitely papabile. He was papabile in 2013 and got some early votes.

His standing has gone up since. In July 2018, his good friend, Pope Francis, made him one of the four ‘irregular’ cardinal bishops. That was noteworthy, an indubitable vote of confidence by the pope.

Then in December 2019 his fellow cardinal bishops elected him Vice Dean. They elected Cardinal Battista Re (b. Jan. 1934) as Dean. So, Re is already past 80 and as such will not be able to participate in the next conclave. Thus, it would be Sandri who will be the acting ‘Dean’ (the role that Re had in 2013). Being acting ‘Dean’ is certainly not a negative vis-à-vis being a papabile. Benedict XVI (i.e., Cardinal Ratzinger) was the Dean in 2005 when he was elected pope. As ‘Dean’ the electors can never lose sight of you. You are always there in the conclave — center stage, orchestrating proceedings.

But, Sandri has two definite strikes against him:

  1. He is another Latin American — with Francis having been the first. The electors may feel that two Latin American popes, with very similar outlooks and temperament, back-to-back might be a tad too much, particularly so in that Francis was the first from across the Atlantic. So that is Strike #1.
  2. Archbishop Carlo Maria Viganò, the famous Vatican whistleblower, has explicitly implicated Sandri in the sex abuse mire by stating that he was actively involved in the coverup of the egregious sexual misconducts of the Legionary of Christ founder, Marciel Maciel. That should be Strike #2.

His age could start to become a factor. He is currently 76 and getting older.

Francis & John XXIII were elected at 76 and Benedict XVI at 78. So, he is still ‘good’ but his age could be half-a-strike against him.

Then, there is his friendship with Francis. Francis is not as popular among the electors as had been Benedict XVI or John Paul II. So, this could be a negative, quarter-of-a-strike against him.

He, despite these strikes, remains papabile.

So, do not rule him out as yet.

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by Anura Guruge

Will Pope Francis Promote Filipino Cardinal Tagle To Be A Cardinal Bishop?

by Anura Guruge

Click to ENLARGE.

Click to ENLARGE. The notion of ‘Suburbicarian Sees’ — i.e., the diocese (the sees) that surround Rome.

Click to access my post from 3-weeks ago.

As a senior curialist Luis Tagle is definitely entitled to now be a Cardinal Bishop. Plus, a pope can promote any one to the order (i.e., to be a Cardinal Bishop) at his whim. Totally his prerogative as are so many things within his Church.

There is a genuine vacancy that has gone unfilled since early September.

Furthermore, now that he got Sodano to ‘resign’ the Deanship is vacant and the Cardinal Bishops, among themselves, will have to elect a new Dean in the next few weeks. The pope will want the vacancy filled before that election.

This does NOT mean that Tagle will be the new Dean. SMILE. He will be the most junior of the Cardinal Bishops.

And even if he is made a Cardinal Bishop he will NOT be the next pope, unless we don’t have a conclave for another 13- to 14-years. SMILE.

Making Tagle a Cardinal Bishop will be quite a statement. One that the pope might be happy to make. It will make a lot of people very happy.

I will tell you who I think will be the next Dean in my next post. SMILE.

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by Anura Guruge

Pope Francis Makes A Dramatic Change To The Tenure Of The Dean Of The ‘College Of Cardinals’.

by Anura Guruge

Click to ENLARGE and read here. From the Vatican @ http://www.vatican.va

Click to ENLARGE.

With this December 21, 2019, motu proprio (a personal (unilateral) papal edict at the pope’s behest) Pope Francis has finally wrested control over the tenure of the Dean of the ‘College of Cardinals‘).

Prior to this, the Dean, once elected (by his fellow Cardinal Bishops (albeit, this as of, 1965)) — and then approved by the pope — had tenure for life or until he opted to resign (or, as is claimed in the case of Angelo Sodano, forced to resign). This has meant, as can be seen from image #2, that there have been some Deans that held sway well past their 80th year — though this, as of 1971, precluded them from participating in a conclave.

Francis’ goal is to try and have younger Deans — though this is not a given.

Making the tenure 5-years — with the pope reserving the right to renew the term — makes a lot of sense.

This goes, quite nicely, hand-in-hand, with the pope creating irregular Cardinal Bishops in 2018 — again in the hope of having under 80 cardinal bishops if there were to be a conclave.

What the pope is REALLY hoping is that the cardinal bishops will now elect a YOUNG Dean — which means that it will have to be an irregular. More on this in a later post.

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by Anura Guruge

Chinese ‘Mid-Autumn Festival’, At UNH (Durham), By The ‘Confucius Institute’ — September 13, 2019.

by Anura Guruge

Click pictures to ENLARGE.

Attribution WILL be enforced.

For even MORE pictures from this event
of Dr. James Dean, Dr. Michele Dillon & Dr. Yige Wang
also see.

Click image to access stash of pictures.

Another GALA success for the UNHConfucius Institute’ — after the widely acclaimed & heavily attended ‘paper umbrella making‘ workshop in January this year (ahead of the Chinese New Year). This too was packed; very festive, very musical (with UNH’s President, Dr. James Dean getting thing rolling), sustenance-loaded, celebratory and a lot of fun. Bravo, yet again, Dr. Yige Wang & Dr. Yaling Liu, and the ever hospitable ‘Confucius Institute’.

We were honored with the presence of the new UNH President, the very personable (and musically talented) Dr. James Dean, and the impressive Dr. Michele Dillon, Dean of UNH’s College of Liberal Arts. It happened to be Dr. Dillon’s birthday. So, there was a trumpet fanfare & ‘Happy Birthday‘ and birthday cake big enough to feed the whole crowd. That was a bonus.

I was lucky enough to have seen the Oyster River students perform, in Chinese, when I was there for the umbrella event. I was looking forward to seeing them again knowing that they had performed, to standing ovations, in China in the interim. They were brilliant. We also were treated to a performance of ‘Moon River’ by Professor Gunlogson & one of her students.

The buffet dinner, as ever, was outstanding. I don’t think anybody went hungry. We sure didn’t.

The Moon Cake making was fun — I am told. I personally did not partake. I was busy taking pictures. But, I could see and tell that folks were having a ball. And then the ultimate accolade. As we were leaving Teischan said “that was fun“! To say that, that coming from her, is indeed rare and high-praise would be an understatement. She is mega-fussy. I can’t remember the last time I have heard her say that. Wow. Please trust me on this. If Teischan thought that it was fun, it had to have been extremely special.

Thank you, ‘Confucius Institute’. You folks always do us all proud.

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by Anura Guruge


The New Camerlengo — U.S. Cardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell, The 1st Non-European Camerlengo.

by Anura Guruge

Click to ENLARGE and read here. Wikipedia: wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Farrell

It has been 7-months. Click to access my post.

I did foresee the possibility of an American. Click to access my post.

What is MOST significant with Kevin Joseph Farrell’s appointment is that he is a non-European. A first, and as such, of course, the first American Camerlengo.

Do not read too much into this appointment. It does not indicate that a conclave is around the corner. Having a Camerlengo, on tap, is more normal than not having one. The 7-month gap, though possibly a tad long, is not exceptional. Popes like to wait awhile before they fill this post. Not having a Camerlengo, if the pope was to die, is not the end of the world. It happened when Pius XII died in 1958. The Dean of the College of Cardinals deputized on day 1 and then they elected a cardinal to act as the temporary Camerlengo.

We have had non-Italian Camerlenghi. The last Camerlengo, Jean-Louis Tauran, was French. So was Jean Villot, the iconic Camerlengo of the 1970s. We have also had a Spaniard, Eduardo Martínez Somalo, 1993 to 2007. So, these are the recent non-Italians. But, there was also a spate of French ones in the 14th century during the Avignon Papacy.

Choosing Farrell makes sense. At 71 he is of the right age, though one a few years younger would have made more sense. He is also a curialist; i.e., he works at the Vatican. That is a prerequisite. The Camerlengo has to reside in Rome.

So, this is all good.

Just don’t assume that a conclave is around the corner. Just revel in that he is non-European. A most welcome departure from what had been a 2,000-year custom.

Click to access post from Feb. 15, 2019.

Click for details.

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by Anura Guruge

Cardinal Pietro Parolin Most Likely The Next Camerlengo Following The Death Of Cardinal Louis Tauran.

by Anura Guruge

Click to ENLARGE and read here. Wikipedia: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pietro_Parolin

Whenever possible, the Secretary of State is the ideal candidate to be the Camerlengo.

Some illustrious Camerlenghi, of recent times were also Secretary of State: viz. ‘my man’ Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B. (2006-2013), Jean Villot (1969-1979) of the two back-to-back 1978 conclaves and Eugenio Pacelli (1930-1939) — who, of course, was elected Pope (i.e., Pius XII) in the only conclave he participated in!

But, PLEASE, do not get excited. Pietro is way, way, way too young to be papabile right now. He will be papabile 7 – 8 years from now.

That he is likely to be the Acting Dean if there was to be a conclave in the next few years is also NOT an issue. Jean Villot was in the same boat.

Being Camerlengo does not in reality interfere with a cardinal doing other sede vacante and conclave duties. In the case of Pietro it gets more interesting. Outside of the Conclave he will not be the most senior Cardinal Bishop and hence the Dean. He will only be Acting Dean inside the Conclave.

The Secretary of State makes the ideal Camerlengo since their duties never overlap or intersect. The Secretary of State loses his office immediately upon the start of the Sede Vacante. And that is exactly when the duties of the Camerlengo begin. The Secretary of State, essentially the Vice-Pope, is invariably the Pope’s #1 Man. So, if a Pope wants that same person to oversee the Papal transition he will also make him Camerlengo — if the ‘vacancy’ is available.

So, hence the logic. Plus the Camerlengo, by law, has to be resident in Rome (so that he is handy as soon as there is a sede vacante). The Secretary of State also has to be Rome-based. So, it all works out nicely.

One possible crimp to this scenario is Pietro Parolin’s health. In October 2013, before he became a cardinal he had some liver related surgery. This matter does not get talked about these days. So, not sure whether he still has any lingering health concerns. He looks healthy enough BUT liver problems can be serious. You only have to think Steve Jobs.

So, that is the whole story as to why it would make sense, barring health issues, for Pietro Parolin to be appointed the next Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church.

Click for details.

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by Anura Guruge

CNN Series: “Pope” Episode 2 — Riddled With Errors; Part I.

by Anura Guruge

Click to ENLARGE.

Click to ENLARGE. From my “Next Pope” books. See below.

Click to ENLARGE. From page 106 of my “The Next Pope — 2011” book. Click image of book below for details.

Errors & Omissions in Episode 1 of the CNN “Pope” Series.

  1. Fake News re. St. Peter being 1st pope — Click here for my post.
  2. Additional Errors and Omissions — Click here for my post.

Oh, dear, dear, dear! It was bad. Painful. Excruciating.

Error upon error. Not sure whether it was ignorance or a desire to just put out ALTERNATE FACTS.

This was very unbecoming. I like CNN. I expected better.

I don’t have the time to go through ALL the errors! At one point I thought I thought I spotted an error EVERY 4th SENTENCE!

I will try and do a series of posts as time permits. This, as such, is Part 1.

The electoral process for Popes prior to the “College of Cardinals” being Formed.

Contrary to what they said (and implied) multiple times, it wasn’t just the cardinals who were involved in the process. Priests, Roman laity and nobles had a say and hand. So, to continually talk about just the cardinals, vis-à-vis papal elections is WRONG.

Explicit statements that the Cardinals decided to form the “College of Cardinals“.

Wrong! The cardinals NEVER had the authority to do anything of this scale. In those days, or even now, the ONLY thing they could really organize, as a gathering, without explicit papal consent, would be an orgy. And I kid you NOT (and they did organize and participate in a lot of those (i.e., orgies)).

Yes, the cardinals, started CALLING themselves as a ‘College’ at a ‘synod’ — BUT that was JUST a name. There was no such College or ‘officials’ — i.e., Dean & a Camerlengo — until Pope Eugene III mandated its creation.

IF only they had bothered to leaf through any one of my 10 Pope books or just called me. Pity. Shame.


Category ‘Religion.
Search ‘Pope’.

by Anura Guruge

College of Cardinals and the Dean of the College of Cardinals.

by Anura Guruge

Vatican on the College of Cardinals at http://www.vatican.va.

1148 was the first time that the then cardinals, about 50 in total, started using the term ‘The Sacred College of Cardinals.

1150 was when Pope Eugene III (#168) created the College of Cardinals — with a Dean.

What I have already said:

College of Cardinals from page 106 of ‘The Next Pope’ by Anura Guruge

Typically, I am the first to admit that I maybe wrong. Fallibility has been my faithful handmaiden throughout my life.

However, in this instance, I have checked, double checked etc. etc., since c. 2007. 1148-1150 is solid for when the College was formed. Even Sacrosanct.

Since the Dean only came to be with the College, there was no Dean of the College prior to 1150.

Yes, we have had a Cardinal Bishop of Ostia since at least the 3rd century. But, the Cardinal Bishop of Ostia was not the Dean till post 1150 — and even then there were inconsistencies.


So just because you see reference on the Web to so and so having been the Dean of the College of Cardinals in 1087 (or whatever) … PLEASE don’t send me e-mails telling me that I screwed up. Yes, I screw-up. But, I do my best to fix my screw-ups as soon as I discover that I have screwed up.

So PLEASE. If you see references like this, contact the ‘author’ of that Web site. Not me. Deal?

Click to ENLARGE. Difficult to be the Dean when there was NO College!

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by Anura Guruge

Distressed To Hear That NH Executive Council Dean, Ray Burton, Has (Treatable) Kidney Cancer. I Wish Him A Speedy Recovery.


Anura Guruge

Related posts:
>> Ray Burton On Casino Gaming Revenue … — Dec. 5, 2012.
I Take Umrage … That ‘Alida Milham’ … Looks Like ‘Ray Burton In Drag’
>>Nov. 5, 2012.

The New, NH Legislators Assume Office Tomorrow, December 5, 2012
>>Dec. 4, 2012.


Ray and I may be poles apart of certain issues, but I have always liked him — ever since the day, probably 14 years ago, he came up to me, I think at Sandwich Fair and shook my hand. He is one of those politicians that always comes across as being above petty party dogma and is always thinking about what is good for his constituents. I invariably find that Ray is the bastion of common sense, e.g., his support for casino gambling. [Our Steve Miller reminds me of Ray and I hope that Steve will consider running for a State office.] He strikes me as somebody that you could always go to, irrespective of political affiliations, if you needed help. There was a time in the late 1990s when I was a core member of a ultra-elite Meredith Republican cabal. We used to meet once a month, on the first Thursday of the month for dinner at a member’s house. One of the most senior state officials was a member. Suffice to say that this group, which had housed Regan during his NH primary, knew Ray Burton extremely well. I would her tales about Ray and his exploits. I kind of learned that Ray has an ‘open-house’ weekend party at his spread in Bath, I think in the Spring. As far as I can remember anybody could go. I have never gone. If Ray has it this year I might make the effort.

Ray is expected to recover. Which is good. NH needs Ray. So lets wish him all the best.