Tag Archives: GMT

2015 Autumnal Equinox In U.S. East Coast Will Happen, Atypically, During Yom Kippur.

Anura Guruge December 2014 thumbnail
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by Anura Guruge


Related Posts:
++ 2015: Easter & Passover
on same weekend

++ 2015: Father’s Day on Summer Solstice

>> 2015 Autumnal Equinox
>> 2014 Autumnal Equinox

+++++ Search for ‘equinox’ for lots of other posts with tons of pictures & diagrams  —>>>


I am indebted to my ex-colleague at BBN, many decades ago, Larry Denenberg for this information. I would not have worked this out IF not for a detailed e-mail about this by Larry this morning. Larry is also the one, who twice a year, informs me as to when it will be the earliest/latest sunsets in New England — which are NOT necessarily on the same day as the solstice.

Well the Autumnal Equinox for 2015 is at 4:22 EDT on Wednesday, September 23, 2015. Yom Kippur, a.k.a ‘Day of Atonement’, the holiest day of the year in Judaism in 2015 begins in the evening of Tuesday, September 22 and end in the evening of Wednesday, September 23. Thus, definitely for the U.S. East Coast the Autumnal Equinox will occur during Yom Kippur.

The time for each and every equinox is FIXED and invariable across the globe. So Autumnal Equinox for 2015, across the World, happens at 08:22 Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). That is physics and astronomy and there are no local variants. Not so with Yom Kippur. The timing is based per LOCAL sunset. So Yom Kippur in Alton, New Hampshire starts well ahead of Santa Barbara in California.

Larry doesn’t tell me, explicitly, as to when we last had this, though it appears that there was a good chance that it might have happened in some places on 1947 and possibly 1939. Yom Kippur, per the Gregorian calendar, can fall between September 14 (as happened in 1899 and 2013) and October 14 (as happened in 1967 and will happen again in 2043). So that is quite the spread. Larry, however, does point out that in 2034 the Autumnal Equinox will start at 6:38 PM U.S. Eastern time and as such could coincide with Yom Kippur that starts that evening.

You can try and check Larry’s Website for more information. Larry, like all the others that worked at BBN during my short tenure, is quite the intellectual.


Click to ENLARGE.

ykequiI
ykequiII


2015 Autumnal Equinox In New Hampshire Will Be On Wednesday, September 23 at 4:22 AM EDT — Happy Fall.

Anura Guruge December 2014 thumbnail
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by Anura Guruge


Related Posts:
>> 2014 Autumnal Equinox
>> 2013 Autumnal Equinox

>>
2014 Spring Equinox
>>
2013 Spring Equinox

+++++ Search for ‘equinox’ for lots of other posts with tons of pictures & diagrams  —>>>


Yes, it is a bit late, but not astronomically.
We think of the equinox around the 21st or 22nd.
So 23rd, though early in the morning, is a bit unusual.

It is 8:22 GMT (in Britain).

But enjoy. Here comes Winter. SMILE.


Click to ENLARGE.





Happy Fall
for those in the Northern Hemisphere.
(It is Spring for the others).

Alas snow is on its way for us!

But, we in New England will get Foliage
and with luck a (Red as opposed to a Brown) Indian Summer.


2013 September Autumnal Equinox Will Be On Sunday, September 22, At 4:44 PM Eastern (U.S), 20:44 (8:44 PM) GMT

Anura Guruge, June 8, 2013.

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 .by Anura Guruge


Related post:
>> March 20, 2013 Spring Equinox — Mar. 20, 2013.


Click to access my March 2013 post with much, much details and diagrams.

Click to access my March 2013 post with much, much details and diagrams.

 


IF you really want even more click more this 'Space.com' article with diagram.

IF you really want even more click more this ‘Space.com’ article with diagram.


Equinoxes don’t do much for me. I am a committed ‘Winter Solstice‘ Sun worshipper. The Winter Solstice is MY favorite day of the year (and not just because it is so close to Christmas). As of that day the days starts getting longer and I love that. I mourn the ‘Summer Solstice‘ — when days start getting shorter!

The equinoxes to me mark the midway points between the solstices. Three more months to go.

Fall is not really with us as yet in central New Hampshire. I closely studied the foliage on my run up Prospect Mountain this morning. I took some pictures too but they have gone missing from the card! Strange. Never had that happen before. I was using my old camera and not Deanna’s magic Panasonic. Some foliage, not as much as I expected. The leaves that turned red in early August are now dead and withered.

The rain is coming. The Highland Games are in Loon — and we are not there! Though I have had some pangs, as I knew I would, it hasn’t bothered us much. Devanee and Deanna both acknowledged that it was ‘The Games’ weekend. That was all.

Google Doodle For U.S. Jane Addams’ 153rd Birthday.

Anura Guruge, June 8, 2013.

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Anura Guruge


JaneAdamsGDTLast Google Doodle post:
>> Google Doodle for my birthday  Sep. 4, 2013.
≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ Check CATEGORY ‘Google Doodle’ for other posts —>>> (side bar)


JaneAdamsGD
Click on image to access.

Link updated
for access from the Google Doodle Archive.


Click for Wikipedia entry.

Click for Wikipedia entry.

 

Google Very Kindly Gives Me My Own Personal Doodle For My Birthday!

Anura Guruge, June 8, 2013.

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Anura Guruge


Last Google Doodle post:
>> Martin Luther King’s ‘I Have A Dream’
>> 50th anniversary  — Aug. 28, 2013.

≡ ≡ ≡ ≡ Check CATEGORY ‘Google Doodle’ for other posts —>>> (side bar)


Google Doodle For Anura Guruge

Click to ENLARGE.


I kid you not.

I have never seen this before. Nearly fell off my chair.

But, mystery solved. When I click on it it takes me to my Google+ Account. On there is my birthday.

Very clever. Very cute. Very cool. Those Google guys are very clever.

Yes, it is my birthday. I turned 60.

September 4, 1953 — Colombo, Ceylon
then +10.5 hours ahead of GMT.

I am amazed. I feel like I have lived 30 years on borrowed time since I never expected to live beyond 30.

Summer Solstice 2013 Tonight, June 21 At 1:04 a.m. Eastern U.S. My Least Favorite Day Of The Year!

Anura Guruge, June 8, 2013.

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Anura Guruge


Related posts:
1/ Rejoice! Winter Solstice … — Dec. 20, 2012.
2/ Spring 2013 Equinox — Mar. 20, 2013.


Junesolsticelament


Notice how the 'Length of Day' starts decreasing, slowly at first but inexorably. This is from 'timeanddate.com'. Click if you want to access.

Notice how the ‘Length of Day’ starts decreasing, slowly at first but inexorably. This is from ‘timeanddate.com’. Click if you want to access.


Where else but Stonehenge, one of my favorite stomping grounds in Britain. Went there for the first time in 1973. Took my new puppy, a border collie with me. In those days there were no restrictions whatever about walking up to the stones. You parked the car and just trampled across the grass field. The puppy, named Rousseau (after the Swiss philosopher), lifted his leg up against each and every stone! That is still my abiding memory of ‘the Henge’. Rousseau peeing against all the stones. Makes me sad when I see all the ‘modern’ precautions and restrictions, but I do understand. I am glad that Rousseau and I got to visit it when it was still, more or less, just a pile of old rocks in an open field.


My diagram of what happens to the Sun



The exact moment when the North Pole is most tipped towards the Sun occurs at 5:04 (am) Greenwich. That means 1:04 Eastern. I will still be up. I will symbolically tip my hat on behalf of you all.

It is a sad day. Winter is on the way. Bummer.

Never understood why folks in NH celebrate this day. The day to REVEL is the December, Winter Solstice. Our ‘ancestors’ knew that. They even had a huge holiday to celebrate. We now call it Christmas.

Well, you can, of course, do whatever you want. This is a free country.

But, I will, as ever, as I always do at the Summer Solstice, sulk and start counting the days to the Winter Solstice — my best day of the year.

Rejoice! Jump For Joy. The Winter Solstice Is Upon Us. 6:12 AM On December 21, 2012 In New Hampshire.

Winter Solstice animation.

Anura Guruge, laughing, picture November 16, 2011.

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by Anura Guruge


Tomorrow is the shortest day of the year for those of us living in the Northern Hemisphere. It is the Winter Solstice, also referred to as the ‘Southern Solstice’ (because the South Pole faces the Sun) and for obvious reasons ‘December Solstice’.

On the day of the Winter Solstice the Sun, at noon, will be at its lowest point above the horizon for the year — it will also rise at the furthest point Southeast it ever reaches during the year. The sunset that day will also be at the most Southerly point.

The Winter Solstice was a very important day in olden times. On this day the Sun God (Sol) had to be beseeched not to abandon the world, but to come back to start another year … It was one of the most important holidays of the year. ‘Christmas Revels‘ is a celebration of how various cultures dealt with this pivotal day of the year. In the 4th Century Christian leaders morphed the Solstice holiday into becoming Christmas.

Where the Sun rises in the Northern Hemisphere during the year. The Winter Solstice is to the right. Click to ENLARGE.

Where the Sun rises in the Northern Hemisphere during the year. The Winter Solstice is to the right. Click to ENLARGE.

sunsetsunriseDec2012
If you want to be pedantic, ‘solstice’ per se refers to the exact moment when the Earth ‘turns the corner’ in its orbit around the Sun. It is the exact moment when the South Pole is at its closest to the Sun for that orbit. That exact moment is fleeting. Less than a minute. It will occur tomorrow, December 21, 2012, at 11:12 AM G.M.T. For us in New Hampshire, 5 hours behind G.M.T., it will thus occur at 6:12 AM. But, we tend to call the whole day, which could fall on the 20th or 22nd of December, though the 21st is the most common, ‘Winter Solstice’.

Note that the increase in the length of the (or the decrease leading up to the Solstice) is a bit jerky varying between 4 and 5 seconds a day in the above chart. This amount changes over the year. But, the inconsistency remains. It is also worth noting that the increase in the length of the day is not evenly split between sunrise and sunset. There is always some level of asymmetry. January 4, 2013 to January 5, 2015, we gain a whole minute, but the sun rise time is the same for both days. That whole minute has to do with the sun set shifting from 4:24 pm to 4:25 pm (in Concord, NH).


The Solstices and the Equinoxes (when all of Earth get an exact 12 hours of day light) have all to do with the 4 seasons of the Earth, which in turn comes about because of the Earth’s crucial 23.5° axial tilt. That is what causes the two different hemispheres to jut out at the Sun at different angles as the Earth completes its yearly orbit around the Sun. At the Winter Solstice the Northern Hemisphere is further from the Sun, so it takes longer for sunlight to reach it. The following pictures should remind you of what the seasons and the Solstices are all about.

The Earth’s tilt towards the Sun at the Winter Solstice. See how the Northern Hemisphere is tilted back while the Southern is pushed forward (giving them Summer).

Earth’s 4 season per the Northern Hemisphere. The Winter Solstice, when the Northern Hemisphere is furthest from the Sun is at the far right.


So, join me in rejoicing. The shortest day is here. Summer is on the way.

P.S., That the stupid Mayan doomsday fell on the Solstice is not a coincidence.


Click for a YouTube video of 'Susan Cooper' reciting her famous celebratory poem, always sun at 'Revels' performances just prior to the end.

Click for a YouTube video of ‘Susan Cooper’ reciting her famous celebratory poem, always sun at ‘Revels’ performances just prior to the end.


Let us conclude, as does all 'Revels' with the haunting "Sussex Mummer's Carol" and savor this day. Just for the record, I was born an grew up in Ceylon where we have NO seasons! Click for this most beautiful carol from YouTube.

Let us conclude, as does all ‘Revels’ with the haunting “Sussex Mummer’s Carol” and savor this day. Just for the record, I was born an grew up in Ceylon where we have NO seasons! Click for this most beautiful carol from YouTube.

Of Course I Know R.M.S. Carpathia, The Setting For The Christmas Revels In Hanover, NH & Cambridge, MA.

Anura Guruge, laughing, picture November 16, 2011.

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by Anura Guruge


Related post:
Christmas Revels At Dartmouth, NH: Tickets Went On Sale Today
August 15, 2012.
Revels North (i.e., Hanover, NH at Dartmouth) and Revels (Cambridge, MA) Doing Same Irish 1907 Christmas Show
Sept. 2, 2012.

British, Cunard Royal Mail Ship (R.M.S.) Carpathia (named after an European mountain chain). ‘Royal Mail’ designates that it was licensed to carry mail for the British Royal Mail.



R.M.S. Carpathia, true to its designation ‘Royal‘, is the HEROIC British Cunard liner, under the command of an intrepid British captain, Capt. Arthur Henry Rostron, that rescued 710 souls after the Titanic disaster on April 15, 1912.

Carpathia which got there two hours after the sinking, after a four hour dash, saved the day and most of those in the water. The Carpathia and its crew were lauded as heroes — Capt. Rostron was knighted by the British and received the Congregational Gold Medal from the U.S. That is the Carpathia. [We will not talk about the S.S. Californian that for reasons unknown did not go to rescue.]

The Revels is set in the Carpathia in (December ) 1907. I find the choice of that day (not to mention the ship) cute. This year, 2012, is the 100th year anniversary of the Titanic disaster. So, Revels is kind of exploiting that. By saying 1907 they are getting a 5 year separation from the 1912 event. As it transpired the Germans torpedoed and sank the Carpathia in July 1918. So 1907 is cute.

It will be good. The Carpathia is a much loved ship — especially by anyone who knows anything about the Titanic.

I have to now confess that I am a vicarious Titanic buff; my son from 1995 to about 2003 (from when he was 3 to about 11) being totally and utterly obsessed by the Titanic. During those years all things Titanic ruled his life — and consequently mine. We still have SOME of the artifacts from those years of Titanic fever. There are at least two models of the Titanic in the house — one of them an Airfix model that I painted and constructed (the only model out of close to a hundred that I ever bothered to paint properly). We also have a small metal model in the dinning room. Matthew, my son, also got an amazing cross-stitch of the Titanic. That is on the wall. I just went and counted. Not counting a few books that Devanee has ‘borrowed’ for her room over the years, I have 13 books (from what I can see) on the Titanic. There might be a few more around.


Not sure exactly how Matthew, around age 3, got so involved in the Titanic. It started with a fascination of sunken wrecks and then homed in on the Titanic — most likely given all the stuff he could watch on TV, even then, about Bob Ballard and the Titanic.

In the Summer of 1995 I was doing a number of seminars in the U.K. We all went over. I took the kids to Greenwich (as in G.M.T.) because of the huge, scenic park and the boat ride on the Thames to get there. We straddled the GMT line, and the kids as I expected ran riot in the park. Then we went into the museum. Matthew wondered off. On the wall there were these huge, old oil nautical paintings — many of them involving ship wrecks, Greenwich touting its role in facilitating navigation to minimize maritime disasters. I found him intently studying a picture of a sinking ship, talking to himself. It was like an epiphany. He was into ship wrecks.

For the next 18 months, more or less non-stop, to anybody that would listen, he would talk about the ‘Dumpster House’ — or something that sounded like that. We have never got to the bottom of that. He definitely was referring to the Greenwich Maritime Museum, but called it the ‘Dumpster House’. [We can’t remember, but maybe he saw a dumpster outside the building.] The ‘Dumpster House’ was synonymous with ship wrecks. Matthew, as was my older daughter, Danielle, three years older, were water rats. We had got our first lake house and boat the year Matthew was born. To Matthew water and boats were part of his life.

So OUT Titanic odysseys began. I got him books. He watched National Geographic and Discovery. He had a denim Titanic shirt, a green T-shirt and a cap. I think we still have the cap, Devanee having appropriated it from her brother.

When the movie came out in 1997 he couldn’t go to see it. He was 5. So I got him the 2-tape set the day it became available. Now we get to an aiding image I have of my two older children. Danielle took it upon herself to make sure that Matthew, all of 5, will NOT see any of the ‘inappropriate’ ‘girlie’ parts in the movie — she was particularly concerned about the scene in the car (in the hold). She would either fast forward the tape when it got close to that section or she would cover his eyes with her hand. There were days when Matthew would watch the movie twice a day. I can still see them, Danielle with her hands clasped over Matthews eyes and the TV showing the rocking car.

So, this is why I know the Carpathia — plus in April we, Deanna and the two younger kids, watched about 6 hours worth of new, 2012 documentaries on the Titanic.