Tag Archives: popes

Pope Francis Should Avoid Temptation Of Assigning Suburbicarian See Of Porto–Santa Rufina To Parolin, Sandri Or Ouellet.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE. From ‘GCatholic.org’.


Click to ENLARGE.


A Suburbicarian See, i.e., one of the 7 ancient sees surrounding Rome, becoming vacant is the Vatican equivalent of a vacancy in the U.S. Supreme Court. Not too many slots, in the case of Suburbicarian Sees just 6 in reality (because the Dean automatically gets two), and those who hold them seem to be blessed with unusual longevity.

So, suburbicarian see, Porto–Santa Rufina becoming vacant after 21-years is a BIG deal. It is also the FIRST to become vacant in 11-years.

This was why, Francis, last June was forced to create four IRREGULAR Cardinal Bishops — i.e., Cardinal Bishops who did NOT have title to a suburbicarian see. Prior to this, in order to be a Cardinal Bishop, you had to hold the title to a suburbicarian see. That was actual requirement and definition.

Cardinal Bishop = Suburbicarian See.

When he created his four IRREGULARS (so that there would be some under-80 cardinal bishops who could participate in a conclave) he was ADAMANT that the IRREGULARS were no different to the regulars — i.e., those that held title to a suburbicarian see.

That is the main reason why he should not give the newly vacant suburbicarian see to one of the IRREGULARS.

It would, at a stroke, destroy his contention that the IRREGULARS were REGULARS. If they were he wouldn’t feel obliged to give the see to an IRREGULAR. What for? Per Francis they are as good without, as with.

Plus, he would be breaking Church Law. It is possible that I am the ONLY one that knows of this 1914 Law passed by Pius X. But, trust me, it is the Law. I do know my Church Law.

Yes, popes live to break the Law and they can do so with impunity. Their actions cannot be questioned or challenged. But, it will be wrong.

That is where we stand. Now YOU know all the facts.


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by Anura Guruge

Cardinal Roger Etchegaray (96) Dies; Oldest Cardinal For 1-Day — First Suburbicarian See Bishop To Die In 11-Years.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE and read here. Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Etchegaray


He was the OLDEST living cardinal for all of one day!

Confirms my long held contention that God has one heck of a sense of humor.

Yes, the prior day Colombian Cardinal José Rodriguez died, aged 100. And then 24-hours later, French Roger Marie Élie Etchegaray, 96, died.

Etchegaray was kind of a legend. Well respected and liked. He had been a cardinal since 1979 (i.e., 40 years).

But, he never attended a conclave! He turned 80 in 2002 (after being a cardinal for 23-years) and aged-out to become a non-elector.

He was elected Vice-Dean of the College of Cardinals just ahead of the 2005 conclave but was too old to attend. He, still the Vice-Dean, also missed the 2013 conclave.

He was a bona fide Cardinal Bishop, i.e., held the title to an original Suburbicarian See. There are only 7 of these, and the Dean, automatically gets two. So, only 5 remain. They are scarce. The last time one was vacant was 2008, i.e., 11-years ago. Now Francis gets the chance to promote someone to this vacant Suburbicarian See making him a bona fide cardinal bishop.

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by Anura Guruge

Pope Francis In Creating New Cardinals On October 5, 2019, Will AGAIN Disregard Conclave Requirements.

by Anura Guruge


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Click image to access post.


The issue here is, per Vatican Law, enacted in 1973, the MAXIMUM number of cardinal electors that can participate in a conclave is 120.

None of the 4 popes since that law was passed, viz., John Paul I, John Paul II, Benedict XVI & Francis, have changed that Law — though three of them (i.e., the latter 3) have at one time or another created too many electors such that there numbers exceeded 120.

If there were to be a conclave when the elector count is above 120 there could be problems.

There are no guidelines nor precedents for sorting it out. It would be ‘unruly’ and ‘unbecoming’.

As the top figure shows Francis, at each of his six consistories, has exceeded that 120 limit.

John Paul II nor Benedict XVI were never so egregious — i.e., violate the 120 limit at each of their cardinal-creating consistories.

But, no so Francis. He really thinks he is special. A maverick. That it makes him look cool to disregard the Laws!

Yes, I will concede that 4 current electors will AGE-OUT (i.e., reach 80 and thus become non-electors) within 10-days of this consistory. But, that still leaves 4 OVER the count. Barring deaths there will NOT be another aging-out until February 25, 2020, and the next after that is on April 17, 2020. Even after that, barring deaths, we will still be 2 over the 120. That is over 7 months.

This is not good.

Francis can fix this with a simple memo. Yep. He is all powerful when it comes to Church Laws. He can remove the 120 limit all together or increase it. But, he hasn’t.

Not good. Unbecoming.

Also, worth remembering. On Sunday, on his way to announce this consistory, Francis got stuck in an elevator for 25-minutes. Not a good omen.


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by Anura Guruge

This Is The 10,009 Published Post On This Blog — Yes, I Have Gone Past The 10,000 Post Mark.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE.



Very First Post,
June 30, 2009.


9 Years, 7 months & 11 days.

3,512 days.

10,009 POSTS.


I had been blogging, daily, on my ‘Pope’ blogs a couple of years prior to starting this blog. Those days I used multiple blogging platforms … before eventually standardizing everything on WordPress.

I started this blog, in June 2009, because I was beside myself that I had been raped by ‘Dartmouth Hitchcock‘ (DHMC). I wanted to publicize my grievances. I only did 2 posts that year. I did NOT do any 2010 & did 3 in 2011. So, basically 2009 to 2012 this blog was dormant. It was 2012, and really the August 2012 Olympics in London, that I really started blogging here. So, in reality this blog is less than 7-years old. Does not matter.

10,000 posts is a fairly respectable number. Yes, I probably have about 20 guest posts. But, I have also deleted at least 40 posts that I have written. So, I am cool with the 10,000 posts. I know I have done at least 10,000 on this blog.

If I use the June 2009 start date it still averages out at 3 posts a day. I am cool with that. These days, that is typically my minimum, one post each day, for the last few years, being my 7-pictures of the day.

The question is will I make it to 20,000. I haven’t really thought about it.

But, here is to the 1st 10,000 posts on this BLOG. Cheers.


Over the years I have had

1,373,255 VIEWS.


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by Anura Guruge


Has The Dalai Lama Started Using Ordinal ‘XIV’ And Affecting A Style Of That Of A Pope?

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE. Seen on Facebook today.


He is, per that school of Buddhism, indeed the 14th Dalai Lama — and really the ONLY one most of us have ever known since he has held this title since 1940!

This is the very first time I have seen an ordinal — in this case XIV (for ’14’) — used next to the Dalai Lama title. With the use of the Roman numerals it looked exactly the same as that used by popes.

Not sure whether this is official or whether it was a creation of western ‘graphic artist’ trying to be clever.

There is nothing wrong with it. I am just curious about the timing. Why now.


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by Anura Guruge


Most Number Of “Popes To Be” Alive At The Same Time — Part I.

by Anura Guruge


Click to ENLARGE.


I received a pseudonymously wriiten e-mail the other day asking me whether I was aware of this.

Here’s one for you: During all of 1937 and 1938, eight current and future popes were living (Pius XI to Francis)“.

I was not aware per se, in that I had not bothered to count.

BUT, I do know that I have a magical Excel Spreadsheet with data on ALL the popes for whom we have a birthdate. That is basically all the popes since 1400. See below. So, it is easy enough for me to check — provided we are talking post 1400. Prior to that all bets are off.

7 “would be popes” alive is NOT even CLOSE to being a record. Without even trying, just taking a semi-intelligent guess, I found 11 … PLUS the living pope.

Over the next few days I will try to build upon this.

Click to ENLARGE.


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by Anura Guruge

Vatican II, That Redefined What It Meant To Be ‘Catholic’, Started This Day, 55-Years Ago — October 11, 1962.

by Anura Guruge


From my 2014 “Popes: 101 Facts & Trivia”. See image below to access details of the book. Click to ENLARGE and read here.


Click to ENLARGE and admire here. This went with my Pope John XXIII book.


Click to ENLARGE and study. My ‘magic’ Excel spreadsheet on the Ecumenical Councils. First time I have shared this.


Vatican II, as most Catholics know, was a BIG deal. It still divides many Catholics and the history of the Catholic Church is now clearly demarcated by ‘pre-Vatican II‘ and ‘post-Vatican II‘. For many it will be best known as the Ecumenical Council that gave us the Vernacular Mass (i.e., the non-Latin Mass).

To I, it will always be indelibly associated with my alltime favorite Pope, John XXIII. This was his crowning achievement in a life full of many.

55-years ago. Wow. Wasn’t that long ago.


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by Anura Guruge

Errors In ‘The Next Pope’ by Peter Hebblethwaite.

by Anura Guruge


<<  <<  Transferring over from my “Popes and Papacy” Website  >> >>


‘The Next Pope’ by Peter Hebblethwaite

(revised and edited by Margaret Hebblethwaite)
 ISBN: 0-06-063777-3, 2000



Page 4: “Moreover, conclaves did not happen in the Sistine Chapel until after the collapse of the Papal States in 1870.”

Ah! I have tried to parse that statements all which ways until Christmas to see if I was missing something here. But, I am sure it says what it says!

Yes, the 1846, 1831, 1829 & 1823 conclaves were held at the Quirinal Palace and the 1800 conclave in Venice.  But the prior 38 conclaves, going back to 1484, were centered around the Sistine. During the first twelve of these, 1484 to 1559, all the cardinals were even billeted inside the Sistine. Thus, in my opinion, that statement is dead wrong.


Page 27: “In the first millennium, popes did not emerge from the college of cardinals, since the cardinals in the modern sense did not exist.”

Ah! Well YOU could play games with the caveat ‘modern sense,’ and say that the ‘College’ didn’t come to be until 1148-1150. But even with that, the spirit of this sentence is SO WRONG. Let us just refer to the 769 Roman Synod convened by Stephen III (IV) and its stipulation that popes must be elected from among cardinal priests and cardinal deacons.


Page 165: “… William Wakefield Baum …, he is the only U.S. cardinal to have ever voted in a conclave — in fact two — having become a cardinal in 1976.”

That ‘ever’ in front of ‘voted’ makes this statement false as it stands. If the caveat ‘living’ is added after the ‘only’ this would work (given that this book was published in 2000). The way it reads is misleading and wrong. James Gibbons voted in the 1903 conclave. John Murphy Farley voted in the 1914 conclave etc. Eight US cardinals participated in the August 1978 conclave and nine in the October 1978 conclave. This should have been caught by an editor. But maybe this book was not edited. That would explain all these fundamental errors.


Page 139: “And after all, the pope lives in Italy …”

This is is post-1929. The pope lives in the sovereign city-state of Vatican City — with even Castel Gandolfo falling within the extraterritorial bounds of the Vatican City. This was obviously meant to be a ‘cute’ statement, but it is inappropriate, misleading and worst of all, wrong.


Page 57: Talking about the voting process says “… the whole process is repeated …”

Not so. The second ballot of each morning and afternoon session is different from the first. For a start there is no need to elect new Scrutineers, Infirmarii and Revisers, or to take a new oath.


Page 32: There is a poem here by the Polish poet Juliusz Slowacki, prefaced by a claim that it forecasts that there would be a Slavic pope [i.e., John Paul II] in the 20th century.

I think it is more than a stretch to make that claim. It sure says, in the first line “… will not — Italian-like — take fright.” Yes, the poet was Polish. But that doesn’t mean that any non-Italian has to be Slavic. This one is not as grave as the prior two, but it still gave me pause. 


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by Anura Guruge

Is Donald Trump Limping — And I Mean Physically.

by Anura Guruge


Donald Trump in Paris today, Thursday, July 13, 2017. 

At the welcoming ceremony with French President Emmanuel Macron.

Watch as he walks — especially the views from the back.

His left leg appears to be WEAK. He is limping.

Start around the 9 minute mark in the YouTube video below.

OK? See what YOU think.



As a papal watcher over the last decade or so I have got attuned to looking for and noticing limps — both popes of that period, Benedict XVI and Francis, having had limps.

You have to watch carefully, but I am sure he is having trouble with his left leg. Yes, he is packing on the pounds again. That never helps.


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by Anura Guruge

Think – Today: Has The Makeup Of Our Atmosphere Changed Over Time?

by Anura Guruge


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2000px-atmosphere3-svgYes, you hear about the greenhouse gases, lead (from when we used leaded gas/petrol) etc., in our atmosphere. But, have you given any thought to whether the makeup of our atmosphere has changed, significantly, over the years. It is something worth thinking about. The atmosphere is pretty vital to our life. Right?


Think first, then research, then THINK again. Think for the pleasure of thinking.


Yesterday’s ‘Think’: “Fidel Castro and the nine days of mourning” — nine consecutive days of mourning, novendiale (or novemdiales) in Italian, is a very old Catholic custom that used to be regularly practiced upon the death of nobles. Typically a Catholic Mass is held on each of the nine days. These days you typically only hear about novendiale upon the death of a pope. That this Catholic tradition is being used with Castro is intriguing. Though born a Catholic he has claimed that he was a non-believer. He, however, made a point of meeting popes. As far as we know there are no official Catholic church ceremonies associated with his funeral.


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by Anura Guruge